FRENCH STEAM LOCOMOTIVE VIRTUAL MUSEUM PICTURE GALLERY
Locomotives of "La
compagnie du Nord"
compound série 4.061 à 4.340 de 1912 - 1924
Designed by Georges Asselin who take over the position of C.M.E. after the death of Gaston du Bousquet, these locomotives were nicknamed "The Oxes > les boeufs" due to their noticeable capabilities to haul heavy trains
Decapod toutes séries 2 - 150
Egalement concues par Georges Asselin, elles sont une version agrandie (chaudière allongée, ...) des Consolidations 4.061 à 4.340. La filiation est très visible sur les photos
|First series, 3.1201 to 3.1240. 1923-24. 3.1201 to 3.1223 were fitted with ordinary "flat" slides valves on the L.P. cylinders, the later batch using piston valves. So, earliers models were of course far better for performances and efficiency, explanation here if necessary.||Second series #3.1243, 3.1241 to 3.1248, 1930. 3.1243, will be 2 - 231 C 43 for the S.N.C.F.||Here 3.1242, will become 2 - 231 C 42 for the S.N.C.F.|
|Last series, 3.1251 to 3.1290, 1930-31.
Impressive look but lack of power and low efficiency,
they were designed by Marc de Caso, who was very hostile
to Chapelon method.
May be he was jalous because "his" employer (Nord) had prefered to buy Chapelon type - P.O. Pacifics...
|2 - 231 C 62 in Paris la
Photo Félix Fénino.
|Just to verify that it was a stupid idea, two de Caso's SuperPacific were built with a single expansion engine, # 3.1249 & 50, SNCF 2 - 231C49 et 50. Caprotti poppet valves at first then Cossart piston calves on 3.1250, Dabeg poppet valves for 3.1249. Poor efficiency compared to compound versions. Photo Félix Fénino.|
|#3.1178, ex-P.O. locomotive modified by the P.O. workshops of Tours in 1934 for the Nord. Photo Félix Fénino.||#3.1121 then S.N.C.F. 2 - 231 E 39, first unit of the batch of brand new Pacific Chapelon built by the Cie. Fives-Lille in 1936-37.|
4.1200 Mikado Tank locomotives for suburbs
|4.1200 series, then 141 TC for the S.N.C.F.: 2 8 2 tank S.E. engines designed by Marc de Caso in 1932, featuring a very efficient dynamic balancing system of the valve gear, used later by Chapelon on the 160 A 1.||The last units were also the last steam locomotives hauling trains starting from Paris, being withdrawn in 1970.||They used a unique distribution system called Cossart's pistons - valves system.|
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